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在 FreeBSD 的 jail 中安装 NextCloud

在我的实验室里,我的 OPNSense 防火墙同时也是我的 DHCP 服务器,默认网关设置为 172.16.28.1,而且它还充当我的 DNS

在主机上运行:
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
添加内容:
# Allow jail raw sockets
security.jail.allow_raw_sockets=1
# Allow upgrades in jail
security.jail.chflags_allowed=1
运行以下命令:
sysctl security.jail.allow_raw_sockets=1
sysctl security.jail.chflags_allowed=1
vi /boot/loader.conf
添加内容:
# RACCT/RCTL Resource limits
kern.racct.enable=1
运行以下命令:
zfs create -o mountpoint=/jail zroot/jail
zfs create -o mountpoint=/jail/nextcloud zroot/jail/nextcloud
zfs create -o mountpoint=/jail/nextcloud/var/db/postgres/data -o recordsize=8k zroot/jail/nextcloud/pgsql
zfs get -r recordsize zroot/jail
fetch -o - http://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/releases/amd64/12.0-RELEASE/base.txz | tar --unlink -xpJf - -C /jail/nextcloud
ls /jail/nextcloud
vi /etc/jail.conf
添加以下配置:
nextcloud {
host.hostname = nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw;
ip4.addr = 172.16.28.2;
interface = em0;
path = /jail/nextcloud;
exec.start = "/bin/sh /etc/rc";
exec.stop = "/bin/sh /etc/rc.shutdown";
exec.clean;
mount.devfs;
allow.raw_sockets;
sysvsem = new;
sysvshm = new;
sysvmsg = new;
}
运行以下命令:
sysrc jail_enable=YES
sysrc jail_nextcloud_mount_enable=YES
vi /etc/hosts
添加以下配置:
172.16.28.2 nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw nextcloud
运行以下命令:
service jail restart nextcloud
jexec 1 tcsh
vi /etc/hosts
添加以下配置:
172.16.28.2 nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw nextcloud
运行以下命令:
jexec 1 tcsh
newaliases -v
cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Denver /etc/localtime
vi /etc/rc.conf
添加以下配置:
# DAEMONS | yes
syslogd_flags="-s -s"
sshd_enable=YES
# php_fpm_enable=YES
# postgresql_enable=YES
# postgresql_class=postgres
# postgresql_data=/var/db/postgres/data
# memcached_enable=YES
# memcached_flags="-l 172.16.28.2"
# nginx_enable=YES
# DAEMONS | no
sendmail_enable=NONE
sendmail_submit_enable=NO
sendmail_outbound_enable=NO
sendmail_msp_queue_enable=NO
# OTHER
clear_tmp_enable=YES
clear_tmp_X=YES
extra_netfs_types=NFS
dumpdev=NO
update_motd=NO
keyrate=fast
运行以下命令:
vi /etc/cron.d/sendmail-clean-clientmqueue
添加以下配置:
# CLEAN SENDMAIL
0 * * * * root /bin/rm -r -f /var/spool/clientmqueue/*
运行以下命令:
exit
service jail restart nextcloud
jls
jexec nextcloud tcsh
sockstat -l4
vi /etc/resolv.conf
添加以下配置:
nameserver 172.16.28.1
运行以下命令:
ping -c 3 bsd.pw
exit

使用 Poudriere 构建我们想要的 postgres

在主机上运行以下命令:
pkg install -y poudriere
vi nextcloudpkglist
添加以下配置:
www/nextcloud
www/nginx
databases/memcached
security/sudo
databases/postgresql10-server
www/php72-opcache
devel/php72-intl
mail/cclient
mail/php72-imap
math/php72-gmp
ftp/php72-ftp
运行以下命令:
vi /usr/local/etc/poudriere.d/amd64-12-0-make.conf
添加以下配置:
DEFAULT_VERSIONS += php=7.2
DEFAULT_VERSIONS += pgsql=10
OPTIONS_UNSET += MYSQL
OPTIONS_SET += PGSQL
运行以下命令:
poudriere bulk -j amd64-12-0 -p head -f nextcloudpkglist

当 jail 启动后,用 nullfs 将 Poudriere 软件包仓库挂载到 jail 内

运行以下命令:
service jail start nextcloud
jexec nextcloud tcsh
mkdir /mnt/amd64-12-0-head
exit
这个 fstab 的东西不起作用......以后会研究的,现在运行 fstab 之后的 mount -t 命令。
vi /etc/fstab.nextcloud
添加以下内容:
/usr/local/poudriere/data/packages/amd64-12-0-head /mnt/amd64-12-0-head nullfs rw 0 0
使用 mount 命令来代替 fstab (这是一个手动命令,不会自动运行)。
mount -t nullfs /usr/local/poudriere/data/packages/amd64-12-0-head /jail/nextcloud/mnt/amd64-12-0-head
运行以下命令:
service jail restart nextcloud
jexec nextcloud tcsh
在 jail 中创建一个 pkg 仓库:
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos
禁止 FreeBSD 中 pkg 包管理器的系统级源
vi /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf
enabled 选项改成 no
FreeBSD: {
enabled: no
}
创建一个替换 FreeBSD.conf 的源配置文件:
vi /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/amd64-12-0.conf
添加以下配置:
amd64-12-0: {
url: “file:///mnt/amd64-12-0-head”,
enabled: yes,
}
用新的源来重新安装所有的包:
运行以下命令:
pkg upgrade -fy
pkg install -y www/nextcloud www/nginx databases/memcached security/sudo databases/postgresql10-server www/php72-opcache devel/php72-intl mail/cclient mail/php72-imap math/php72-gmp ftp/php72-ftp

升级 Poudriere

在主机上运行以下命令:
vi /usr/local/etc/poudriere.conf
CHECK_CHANGED_OPTIONS=verbose
CHECK_CHANGED_DEPS=yes
poudriere jail -j amd64-12-0 -u
poudriere ports -p head -u
poudriere bulk -j amd64-12-0 -p head -f nextcloudpkglist
从 jail 更新
jexec nextcloud tcsh
pkg update && pkg upgrade -y

设置 PostgreSQL

我确定我开启了 poudriere options 参数,并在 nextcloud 上启用了 memcached 支持,稍后我将把它添加到 make.conf 文件中。

在 jail 中运行以下命令:
vi /etc/login.conf
将以下设置添加到文件的末尾:
postgres:\
:lang=en_US.UTF-8:\
:setenv=LC_COLLATE=C:\
:tc=default:
运行以下命令:
cap_mkdb /etc/login.conf
exit
service jail restart nextcloud
jexec nextcloud tcsh
chown postgres:postgres /var/db/postgres/data
vi /etc/rc.conf
: 更新配置:
# DAEMONS | yes
syslogd_flags="-s -s"
sshd_enable=YES
# php_fpm_enable=YES
postgresql_enable=YES
postgresql_class=postgres
postgresql_data=/var/db/postgres/data
# memcached_enable=YES
# memcached_flags="-l 172.16.28.2"
# nginx_enable=YES
# DAEMONS | no
sendmail_enable=NONE
sendmail_submit_enable=NO
sendmail_outbound_enable=NO
sendmail_msp_queue_enable=NO
# OTHER
clear_tmp_enable=YES
clear_tmp_X=YES
extra_netfs_types=NFS
dumpdev=NO
update_motd=NO
keyrate=fast
运行以下命令:
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/postgresql initdb
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/postgresql start
sockstat -l4
vi /var/db/postgres/data/pg_hba.conf
在 IPv4 部分添加以下配置:
# IPv4 local connections:
host all all 172.16.28.2/32 trust
运行以下命令:
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/postgresql restart
psql -h nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw -U postgres
CREATE USER nextcloud WITH PASSWORD 'something_random_from_bitwarden_or_other_password_manager';
CREATE DATABASE nextcloud TEMPLATE template0 ENCODING 'UNICODE';
ALTER DATABASE nextcloud OWNER TO nextcloud;
\q
vi /var/db/postgres/data/vacumm.sh
添加以下配置:
/usr/local/bin/reindexdb -a 1> /dev/null 2> /dev/null
/usr/local/bin/reindexdb -s 1> /dev/null 2> /dev/null
运行以下命令:
chmod +x /var/db/postgres/data/vacumm.sh
chown postgres:postgres /var/db/postgres/data/vacumm.sh
su - postgres -c 'crontab -e'
添加以下配置:
0 0 * * * /var/db/postgres/data/vacuum.sh
运行以下命令:
su - postgres -c 'crontab -l'

Nginx

在 jail 中运行以下命令:
mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/nginx/ssl
cd /usr/local/etc/nginx/ssl
openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 3650 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout nginx.key -out nginx.crt
输入 server.key 的密码短语:
something_random_from_bitwarden_or_other_password_manager
使用你的最佳判断来填写密码提示后的提示信息。
运行以下命令:
chmod 400 nginx.key
ls -l
chown -R www:www /var/log/nginx
vi /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
添加以下配置:
user www;
worker_processes 4;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
events {
worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ';
access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;
sendfile on;
keepalive_timeout 65;
upstream php-handler {
server unix:/var/run/php-fpm.sock;
}
server {
# ENFORCE HTTPS
listen 80;
server_name nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw;
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}
server {
listen 443 ssl http2;
server_name nextcloud.lab.bsd.pw;
ssl_certificate /usr/local/etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /usr/local/etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.key;
# HEADERS SECURITY RELATED
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
# HEADERS
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
# PATH TO THE ROOT OF YOUR INSTALLATION
root /usr/local/www/nextcloud/;
location = /robots.txt {
allow all;
log_not_found off;
access_log off;
}
location = /.well-known/carddav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}
location = /.well-known/caldav {
return 301 $scheme://$host/remote.php/dav;
}
# BUFFERS TIMEOUTS UPLOAD SIZES
client_max_body_size 16400M;
client_body_buffer_size 1048576k;
send_timeout 3000;
# ENABLE GZIP BUT DO NOT REMOVE ETag HEADERS
gzip on;
gzip_vary on;
gzip_comp_level 4;
gzip_min_length 256;
gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private no_last_modified no_etag auth;
gzip_types application/atom+xml application/javascript application/json application/ld+json application/manifest+json application/rss+xml application/vnd.geo+json application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf application/x-web-app-manifest+json application/xhtml+xml application/xml font/opentype image/bmp image/svg+xml image/x-icon text/cache-manifest text/css text/plain text/vcard text/vnd.rim.location.xloc text/vtt text/x-component text/x-cross-domain-policy;
location / {
rewrite ^ /index.php$uri;
}
location ~ ^/(?:build|tests|config|lib|3rdparty|templates|data)/ {
deny all;
}
location ~ ^/(?:\.|autotest|occ|issue|indie|db_|console) {
deny all;
}
location ~ ^/(?:index|remote|public|cron|core/ajax/update|status|ocs/v[12]|updater/.+|ocs-provider/.+)\.php(?:$|/) {
fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.*)$;
include fastcgi_params;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
fastcgi_param front_controller_active true;
fastcgi_pass php-handler;
fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
fastcgi_request_buffering off;
fastcgi_keep_conn off;
fastcgi_buffers 16 256K;
fastcgi_buffer_size 256k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
fastcgi_send_timeout 3000s;
fastcgi_read_timeout 3000s;
fastcgi_connect_timeout 3000s;
}
location ~ ^/(?:updater|ocs-provider)(?:$|/) {
try_files $uri/ =404;
index index.php;
}
# ADDING THE CACHE CONTROL HEADER FOR JS AND CSS FILES
# MAKE SURE IT IS BELOW PHP BLOCK
location ~ \.(?:css|js|woff|svg|gif)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=15778463";
# HEADERS SECURITY RELATED
# IT IS INTENDED TO HAVE THOSE DUPLICATED TO ONES ABOVE
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; includeSubDomains; preload;";
# HEADERS
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
add_header X-Download-Options noopen;
add_header X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies none;
# OPTIONAL: DONT LOG ACCESS TO ASSETS
access_log off;
}
location ~ \.(?:png|html|ttf|ico|jpg|jpeg)$ {
try_files $uri /index.php$uri$is_args$args;
# OPTIONAL: DONT LOG ACCESS TO OTHER ASSETS
access_log off;
}
}
}
运行以下命令:
vi /usr/local/etc/php/ext-20-pgsql.ini
添加以下配置:
[PostgresSQL]
pgsql.allow_persistent = On
pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off
pgsql.max_persistent = -1
pgsql.max_links = -1
pgsql.ignore_notice = 0
pgsql.log_notice = 0
运行以下命令:
vi /usr/local/etc/php/ext-30-pdo_pgsql.ini
添加以下配置:
[PostgresSQL]
pgsql.allow_persistent = On
pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off
pgsql.max_persistent = -1
pgsql.max_links = -1
pgsql.ignore_notice = 0
pgsql.log_notice = 0
运行以下命令:
touch /var/log/php-fpm.log
chown www:www /var/log/php-fpm.log
rm /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
vi /usr/local/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
添加以下配置:
[www]
user = www
group = www
listen = /var/run/php-fpm.sock
listen.backlog = -1
listen.owner = www
listen.group = www
listen.mode=0660
pm = static
pm.max_children = 4
pm.start_servers = 2
pm.min_spare_servers = 2
pm.max_spare_servers = 4
pm.process_idle_timeout = 1000s;
pm.max_requests = 500
request_terminate_timeout = 0
rlimit_files = 51200
env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME
env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
env[TMP] = /tmp
env[TMPDIR] = /tmp
env[TEMP] = /tmp
运行以下命令:
vi /usr/local/etc/php.ini
添加以下配置:
[PHP]
max_input_time=3600
engine = On
short_open_tag = On
precision = 14
output_buffering = OFF
zlib.output_compression = Off
implicit_flush = Off
unserialize_callback_func =
serialize_precision = 17
disable_functions =
disable_classes =
zend.enable_gc = On
expose_php = On
max_execution_time = 3600
max_input_time = 30000
memory_limit = 1024M
error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_DEPRECATED & ~E_STRICT
display_errors = Off
display_startup_errors = Off
log_errors = On
log_errors_max_len = 1024
ignore_repeated_errors = Off
ignore_repeated_source = Off
report_memleaks = On
track_errors = Off
html_errors = On
error_log = /var/log/php.log
variables_order = "GPCS"
request_order = "GP"
register_argc_argv = Off
auto_globals_jit = On
post_max_size = 16400M
auto_prepend_file =
auto_append_file =
default_mimetype = "text/html"
default_charset = "UTF-8"
doc_root =
user_dir =
enable_dl = Off
file_uploads = On
upload_max_filesize = 16400M
max_file_uploads = 64
allow_url_fopen = On
allow_url_include = Off
default_socket_timeout = 300
[CLI Server]
cli_server.color = On
[Date]
date.timezone = America/Denver
[filter]
[iconv]
[intl]
[sqlite3]
[Pcre]
[Pdo]
[Pdo_mysql]
pdo_mysql.cache_size = 2000
pdo_mysql.default_socket=
[Phar]
[mail function]
SMTP = localhost
smtp_port = 25
mail.add_x_header = On
[SQL]
sql.safe_mode = Off
[ODBC]
odbc.allow_persistent = On
odbc.check_persistent = On
odbc.max_persistent = -1
odbc.max_links = -1
odbc.defaultlrl = 4096
odbc.defaultbinmode = 1
[Interbase]
ibase.allow_persistent = 1
ibase.max_persistent = -1
ibase.max_links = -1
ibase.timestampformat = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S"
ibase.dateformat = "%Y-%m-%d"
ibase.timeformat = "%H:%M:%S"
[MySQLi]
mysqli.max_persistent = -1
mysqli.allow_persistent = On
mysqli.max_links = -1
mysqli.cache_size = 2000
mysqli.default_port = 3306
mysqli.default_socket =
mysqli.default_host =
mysqli.default_user =
mysqli.default_pw =
mysqli.reconnect = Off
[mysqlnd]
mysqlnd.collect_statistics = On
mysqlnd.collect_memory_statistics = Off
[OCI8]
[PostgreSQL]
pgsql.allow_persistent = On
pgsql.auto_reset_persistent = Off
pgsql.max_persistent = -1
pgsql.max_links = -1
pgsql.ignore_notice = 0
pgsql.log_notice = 0
[bcmath]
bcmath.scale = 0
[browscap]
[Session]
session.save_handler = files
session.save_path = "/tmp"
session.use_strict_mode = 0
session.use_cookies = 1
session.use_only_cookies = 1
session.name = PHPSESSID
session.auto_start = 0
session.cookie_lifetime = 0
session.cookie_path = /
session.cookie_domain =
session.cookie_httponly =
session.serialize_handler = php
session.gc_probability = 1
session.gc_divisor = 1000
session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440
session.referer_check =
session.cache_limiter = nocache
session.cache_expire = 180
session.use_trans_sid = 0
session.hash_function = 0
session.hash_bits_per_character = 5
url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"
[Assertion]
zend.assertions = -1
[COM]
[mbstring]
[gd]
[exif]
[Tidy]
tidy.clean_output = Off
[soap]
soap.wsdl_cache_enabled=1
soap.wsdl_cache_dir="/tmp"
soap.wsdl_cache_ttl=86400
soap.wsdl_cache_limit = 5
[sysvshm]
[ldap]
ldap.max_links = -1
[mcrypt]
[dba]
[opcache]
opcache.enable=1
opcache.enable_cli=1
opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8
opcache.max_accelerated_files=10000
opcache.memory_consumption=128
opcache.save_comments=1
opcache.revalidate_freq=1
[curl]
[openssl]
再次升级 rc.conf 文件:
vi /etc/rc.conf
更新这些行,使其看起来像:
# DAEMONS | yes
syslogd_flags="-s -s"
sshd_enable=YES
postgresql_enable=YES
postgresql_class=postgres
postgresql_data=/var/db/postgres/data
php_fpm_enable=YES
memcached_enable=YES
memcached_flags="-l 172.16.28.2"
nginx_enable=YES
# DAEMONS | no
sendmail_enable=NONE
sendmail_submit_enable=NO
sendmail_outbound_enable=NO
sendmail_msp_queue_enable=NO
# OTHER
clear_tmp_enable=YES
clear_tmp_X=YES
extra_netfs_types=NFS
dumpdev=NO
update_motd=NO
keyrate=fast

Memcached

在 jail 中运行以下命令:
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/memcached start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/php-fpm start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/postgresql status
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start
sockstat -l4
ls -l /var/run/php-fpm.sock
mkdir -p /var/db/nextcloud/data
chown -R www:www /var/db/nextcloud
chown -R www:www /usr/local/www/nextcloud
在主机上用火狐浏览器打开网址 https://172.16.28.2
在 jail 上运行以下命令:
vi /etc/newsyslog.conf
将以下配置添加到文件的末尾:
/var/db/nextcloud/data/nextcloud.log www:www 640 7 * @T00 JC
/var/log/php-fpm.log www:www 640 7 * @T00 JC
/var/log/nginx/error.log www:www 640 7 * @T00 JC
/var/log/nginx/access.log www:www 640 7 * @T00 JC
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